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List of All The 16 Regions In Ghana And Their Capitals

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Ghana is a West African country with a land area of about 228,533 square kilometers and over 30 million population. Before the year 2020, Ghana had ten(10) Regions.

Ghana held a referendum to create new Regions on December 27, 2018, and voting took place in all forty-seven (47) districts selected to be part of these new Regional creations. This election recorded 99% yes votes in all regions and turnouts ranging from 80-90%.

This turnout brought about the creation of six more new Regions, which led to the division of some already existing Regions.

Six new Regions have been created from the Volta, Brong Ahafo, Northern, and Western Regions.

The Volta Region was divided into the Oti Region. The Ahafo region and Bono East region respectively have been carved out of the then Brong-Ahafo region. This was in fulfillment of a promise made by candidate Nana Akuffo Addo in his 2016 campaign activities.

The Northern Region was divided into the North East Region and the Savannah Region. Out of the Western Region, the Western North was formed.

After the creation of the Regions, the President appointed Regional Ministers. All the 16 Regions in Ghana have Regional Ministers nominated by the President of the Republic of Ghana and approved by the Parliament of Ghana. They are captured in the post highlighted.

Ghana Map With 16 Regions 

Below is the new Ghana Map with 16 Regions created to ensure equal economic growth among all the regions in the country;

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List of All The 16 Regions In Ghana And Their Capitals

Below is a list of all regions in Ghana (both new and old) and their capitals;

  1. The Northern Region – Tamale
  2. The Ashanti Region – Kumasi
  3. The Western Region – Sekondi
  4. The Volta Region – Ho
  5. The Eastern Region – Koforidua
  6. The Upper West Region – Wa
  7. The Upper East Region – Bolgatanga
  8. The Central Region – Cape Coast
  9. The Bono East Region – Techiman
  10. The Greater Accra Region – Accra
  11. The Savannah Region – Damango
  12. The North-East Region – Nareligu
  13. The Oti Region – Dambai
  14. The Western North Region – Sefwi Wiawso
  15. The Ahafo Region – Goaso
  16. Bono Region – Sunyani

List of All The 16 Regions In Ghana And Their Capitals In Details

Below is a list of all regions in Ghana (both new and old) and their capitals;

The Northern Region – Tamale 

It was the largest of the sixteen regions, encompassing 70,384 square kilometres or 31% of Ghana’s land area until December 2018, when the Savannah Region and North East Region were created. A total of 14 districts makes up the Northern Region, and Tamale is the regional capital.

The Ashanti Region – Kumasi

The Ashanti region was created on April 4, 1959. It is the third-largest of Ghana’s 16 administrative regions, covering 24,389 km2 (9,417 sq mi) and accounting for 10.2% of its total land area.

However, in terms of population, it is the most populous area, accounting for 19.4 per cent of Ghana’s total population, with a population of 4,780,380 according to the 2011 census.

The Ashanti Region is noted for producing large quantities of gold bars and cocoa. Kumasi is the most populous city and the regional capital.

The Western Region – Sekondi

The Western Region, which stretches from the Ivory Coast (Comoé District) in the west to the Central Region in the east, contains the capital and huge twin city of Sekondi-Takoradi on the coast as coastal Axim and a rugged inland territory comprising Elubo.

It has Cape Three Points, Ghana’s most southern site, where commercial quantities of crude oil were discovered in June 2007. At the time of the 2021 Census, the region covered 13,842 square kilometers and had a population of 2,060,585. It has 22 districts, and its capital is Sekondi-Takoradi.

The Volta Region – Ho

The Volta Region (or Volta), with Ho as its capital, lies west of the Republic of Togo and east of Lake Volta. The territory, divided into 25 administrative districts, is multi-ethnic and multilingual, including ethnic groupings like the Ewe, Guan, and Akan peoples.

The Lolo, Likpe, Akpafu, Buem, and Nkonya (now part of the Oti area) are among the Guan peoples. The New Patriotic Party carved this region out of the Volta Region in December 2018.

The Eastern Region – Koforidua

The Eastern Region, is situated in the south of the country. The majority of the people in the Eastern area are Akans, and the main languages spoken are Akan, Ewe, Krobo, Hausa, and English.

Koforidua serves as the capital of the Eastern Region. The Akosombo dam is located in the Eastern Region, and the Eastern region’s economy is dominated by high-capacity power generation.

The Upper West Region – Wa

The Upper West Region of Ghana lies in the northwestern corner of the country, and Wa is the capital town and most populous town in the Upper West.

Under the Provisional National Defense Council (PNDC) military dictatorship, the Upper West was founded by then-Head of State, Flight-Lieutenant Jerry Rawlings, in 1983. It was Ghana’s youngest region for approximately 35 years until six more regions in 2018.

The Upper East Region – Bolgatanga

The Upper East Region is located in the north of the country. It covers 8,842 square kilometers of land, accounting for 2.7% of Ghana’s total land area.

Bolgatanga, often known as Bolga, is the regional capital for the Upper East. Navrongo, Paga, Bawku, and Zebilla are some of the region’s largest cities.

The Central Region – Cape Coast

The central region was created in 1970, just before the 1970 population census in Ghana. The Central region is known for its many prestigious higher education institutions and a thriving economy based on industrial minerals and tourism.

Many tourist attractions, including castles, forts, and beaches, can be found along the Central region’s coastline. Cape Coast is the capital of the Central Region.

The Bono East Region – Techiman

Ghana’s Bono East area was created out of the Brong Ahafo Region, and Techiman serves as the new region’s capital.

The Greater Accra Region – Accra

With a total land surface area of 3,245 square kilometers, the Greater Accra Region is the smallest of Ghana’s 16 administrative regions. It serves as the national capital of Ghana, and this accounts for 1.4% of Ghana’s total land area.

With a population of 5,455,692 in 2021, it is the second most populated region in Ghana, after the Ashanti Region, accounting for 17.7% of the overall population. The capital of the Greater Accra Region is Accra.

The Savannah Region – Damango 

The Savannah Region of Ghana is one of its newest regions, yet it is also its largest. The new Savannah Region’s capital, Damongo, was established, and it lies in the country’s northwestern region.

The Savannah Region is divided into seven districts: Bole, Central Gonja, North Gonja, East Gonja, Sawla/Tuna/Kalba, West Gonja, North East Gonja, West Gonja, North East Gonja, and West Gonja, North East Gonja, as well as seven constituencies: Bole/Bamboi, Damongo, Daboya/Mankarigu, Salaga North, Salaga South, Sawla/Tuna/Kalba and Yapei /Kusawgu.

The North-East Region – Nareligu

It is located in the north of the country and was established in December 2018 following a referendum to separate it from the Northern region. Nalerigu is the region’s capital.

The Oti Region – Dambai

The Oti Region was established in December 2018 as one of Ghana’s six newly constituted regions. The northern part of the Volta Region was split away to create this region. It is found in the Krachi East district, and its capital is Dambai.

The Western North Region – Sefwi Wiawso

The Western North Region is one of Ghana’s six new regions. In the area, there are various small and large-scale gold mining companies. The Sefwis dominate the region’s ethnic culture, and Sefwi, Akan, French, and English are the primary languages spoken. It has nine districts, and its capital is Wiawso.

The Ahafo Region – Goaso

The Ahafo Region was amongst the new six regions created, and its capital is Goaso.

Bono Region – Sunyani

When the Bono East area and the Ahafo region were founded, the remainder of the Brong-Ahafo region became the Bono region. Sunyani, commonly known as the Green City of Ghana, is the cleanest capital city and a prominent conference site.

Ghana In Brief

Ghana is located in West Africa, and it is a neighbour to Côte d’Ivoire, Burkina Faso, and Togo. It is located in the south of the Gulf of Guinea.

Geography

Ghana has a coastline of 530 kilometres in the east-west direction of the Gulf of Guinea. The country is roughly rectangular, and there are mainly two plateaus.

One of these is the Togo-Akwapim Hills, extending in the northeast-southwest direction. The maximum height is 900 meters. The second one is the Ashanti-Kwahu hills, in the northwest-southeast direction, and the maximum height is 600 m.

Governance

The Government of Ghana was created as a parliamentary democracy, followed by alternating military and civilian governments in Ghana. In January 1993, the military government gave way to the Fourth Republic after presidential and parliamentary elections in late 1992.

The 1992 constitution divides powers among a president, parliament, cabinet, the council of state, and an independent judiciary. The government is elected by universal suffrage.

Climate

A tropical climate prevails. The southern part of the country is more wet and rainy due to the Atlantic Ocean, and the north is less dry and rainy due to the influence of the Sahara Desert.

Religion

Christians constitute 63%, Muslims 16%, and 21% primitive religions.

Industry and Tourism

Ghana is the world’s largest cocoa producer, and annual production is close to three million tons. Therefore, the decline in cocoa prices has caused critical political consequences. In addition, there are the leather industry, jewellery processing, clothing industry, smithery and potting, furniture and plywood mills, soap, sack, tire factories, and oil refinery.

Tourism has gained significant importance for Ghana. As a result of the positive developments, the government of Ghana published a 15-year tourism development plan called the Integrated National Tourism Development Plan in 1996.

In line with this plan, it aimed to gradually increase the number of tourists visiting Ghana to one million by 2020. The coastal strips, natural habitats, wild animals throughout the country, the fortresses and bases in the coastal part of the Europeans constitute the touristic areas.

Numerous ethnic groups and communities are also present in the cultural field. In addition to the Ghanaian communities in the country, there are 6,000 European and Asian Chinese people living together with neighbouring citizens. Europeans and Asians live in coastal cities, particularly Accra, and live their culture. Thanks to this diversity, many different branches of art are performed in Ghana.

Conclusion

Presented above is the list of all the 16 regions in Ghana and their capitals

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