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Full List Of Chief Justices In Ghana Since Independence

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The office of the Chief Justice is the highest-ranking judge of a country’s supreme court. The Chief Justice leads the Supreme Court, and they are the presiding member of a Supreme Court in a country that runs a justice system based on the English common law.

Examples of courts using this system include the Court of Nigeria, Supreme Court of Canada, High Court of Australia, Supreme Court of the United States, and the Supreme Court of Ghana.

The Chief Justice of Ghana heads the judiciary, and they are responsible for the country’s highest court’s administration and supervision. The Chief Justice of Ghana is the fourth highest-ranking official in the country.

The Chief Justice is appointed by the President in consultation with the Council of State and must be approved by Parliament. To be a qualified candidate, a person must have been a lawyer for at least 15 years and have high moral character.

Functions Of Chief Justices In Ghana

  1. Administering the oath of the President and his Vice.
  2. Administering the oath of allegiance and judicial oath to all justices of the Supreme Court.
  3. Set up a tribunal to resolve grievances against the Electoral Commission.

Ghana has had 27 Chief Justices since the inception of the Supreme Court in 1876, 13 of which are from the era of the Gold Coast. We will look at the 14 Chief Justices of Ghana since independence.

List of Chief Justices In Ghana

Below is the full list of chief justices in Ghana before and after Independence;

NAME  PERIOD
1 Sir David Patrick Chambers   1876-1878
2 P.A. Smith Esq.     1878-1879
3 Sir James Marshall   1880-1882
4 N. Lessingham Balley Esq.  1882-1886
5 H.W. Macleod    1886-1889
6 J.T. Hutchinson Esq.     188-1895
7 Sir William Brandford Grififith   1895-1911
8 Philip Crampton Symly   1911-1928
9 Sir  George Campbell Deane    1929-1935
10 Sir Philip Bertie Petrides  1936-1943
11 Sir Walter Harrangin  1943-1947
12 Sir Mark Wilson  1948-1956
13 Sir Arku Korsah, Esq.  1956-1963
14 J. Sarkodie-Addo, Esq.  1964-1966
15 Edward Akuffo Addo    1966-1970
16 E.A.L. Bannerman, Esq.  1970-1972
17 Samuel Azu Crabbe, Esq.   1973-1977
18 F.K. Apaloo, Esq.  1977-1986
19 E.N.P. Sowah, Esq.    1986-1990
20 Philip Edward Archer, Esq.  1991-1995
21 Isaac Kobina Abban, Esq.   1995-2001
22 Edward Kwame Wiredu   2001-2003
23 George Kingsley Acquah    2003-2007
24 Georgina Theodora Wood   2007-2017
25 Sophia A. B. Akuffo 2017- 2020
26 Anin Yeboah 2020- Date

List of Chief Justices In Ghana Post Independence

Below is a full list of Chief Justices in Ghana after Ghana gained independence in 1957;

1. Sir Kobina Arku Korsah

He was Ghana’s first Chief Justice after independence. He assumed office from March 6 1957, to December 1963. He was born on April 3 1894, in Saltpond and died on January 25 1967, aged 72.

2. Julius Sarkodee-Adoo

He assumed office from 1964 to 1966. Dr Kwame Nkrumah appointed him. He was born on September 8 1908, and died in January 1972, aged 63.

3. Edward Akuffo Addo

He was a member of the big six and the father of the current President, President Akuffo Addo. He became Chief Justice from 1966 to 1970. He was born on June 26 1906, and died on July 17 1979, aged 73.

4. Edmund Alexander Lanquaye Bannerman

He was Chief Justice between 1970 and 1972. He was removed from office by the National Redemption Council. He was born on July 22 1915, and died on June 27 1983, aged 67.

5. Samuel Azu Crabbe

He was Chief Justice between 1973 and 1977. He was a barrister, solicitor and jurist. He was born on November 18 1918, and died on September 15 2005.

6. Frederick Kwasi Apaloo

He took on the position of Chief Justice from 1977 to 1986. He served as Chief Justice of Kenya from 1993 to 1995. He died on April 2 2000, aged 79.

7. Ernest Nee Pobee Sowah

He was Chief Justice from 1980 to 1990. Jerry John Rawlings appointed him. His date of death is unknown.

8. Philip Edward Archer

He assumed office from 1991 to 1995. Rawlings appointed him and died on May 10 2002, aged 77.

9. Isaac Kobina Abban

He was Chief Justice from February 22 1995, to April 21 2001. Rawlings appointed him. He died on April 21 2001, aged 67.

10. Edward Kwame Wiredu

He was Chief Justice from 2001 to 2003. John Kufuor appointed him. He died in 2008 aged 73.

11. George Kingsley Acquah

He was Chief Justice from 2003 to 2007. He was Chief Justice till his death on March 25 2007, aged 68.

12. Georgina Theodosia Wood

She was the first female Chief Justice and a former police prosecution officer. She was Chief Justice from 2007 to 2017, where she retired. She was born in 1947 and is still living.

13. Sophia Akufo

She assumed office from 2017 to December 10 2019. Akuffo Addo appointed her.

14. Kwasi Anin Yeboah

He is the incumbent Chief Justice. He assumed office on January 7 2020. Akuffo Addo appointed him.

Supreme Court justices in Ghana

The Supreme Court supports gender equality and allows for the appointment of both male and female judges. Who are the 7 Supreme Court justices in Ghana?

  • Jones Dotse
  • Paul Baffoe
  • Yaw Appau
  • Gabriel Pwamang
  • Samuel K. Marful-Sau
  • Agnes M.A Dordzie
  • Nene Abayaateye Ofoe Amegatcher

The position of Chief Justice of Ghana has been occupied by 14 judges ever since Ghana gained its independence in 1957. The different individuals have served various terms.

Some were in the position for two years, while others served for ten years. There has been a gender balance of male and female Chief Justices of Ghana over the years.

Who is the first female Chief Justice of Ghana?

Georgina Theodora Wood JSC (née Lutterodt; born 8 June 1947) is a Ghanaian judge and also a former police prosecution officer. She was the Chief Justice of Ghana and the first woman to occupy that position.

Conclusion

Presented above is the full list of Chief Justices in Ghana.

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