Grade Point Average (GPA) is used to measure students’ performance in higher institutions, and it is a single number representing the entire academic performance of a student.
In Ghana, GPA is usually on a scale of 1.0 to 4.0, and it is calculated on a semesterly basis. Just as lecturers give grades to evaluate a student’s performance in a course, GPA is used to evaluate a student’s success in the entire degree programme.
The grading system puts students into different class categories: first class, second class (lower class and upper-class division), third class, and pass.
To calculate the GPA of a student’s, we first have to understand specific terminologies.
1. Cumulative Credits Taken (CCT): This is the sum of all the credit hours taken in a course. If a student studies six courses in a semester with three credit hours for each course, CCT will be equal to 18.
2. Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA): This is the sum of the grade points divided by all the credit hours from level 100 to level 400.
3. CCP: This is the sum of all the credit hours of a course that a student has passed. This means that if a student had grades E and F, they are not included in the CCP calculation since they are failed courses.
4. Final Grade Point Average (FGPA): This will determine the class of degree a student will be graduating with.
Now let’s get into the calculations.
How To Calculate GPA In Ghana
Below are the step-by-step guide to calculate your GPA in Ghana;
Assuming this is the transcript of a student of the University of Ghana.
COURSE CREDIT GRADE GPT
1 3 B+ 10.5
2 2 A 8
3 2 B+ 7
4 3 A 12
5 3 A 12
6 3 C 6
GPA, therefore, would be equal to the total GPT divided by the total credit hours
Final Grade Point Average is when the GPA for all the various levels are calculated. Every course a student had to take re-sit for is calculated as many times as it is taken.
If a student writes a re-sit for a course three times and passes on the third try, all will be calculated with their credits and GPTs.
There’s a weighting of 1:1:2:2 assigned to all the levels, meaning level 100 weights 1, level 200 has a weight of 1, level 300 has a weight of 2, and level 400 has a weight of two as well.
Assuming the GPA for a student at the various levels are as follows:
The FGPA of the student will be calculated as follows:
Level 100= 3.46×1/6
FGPA there would be:
This means that the student would be graduating with a second class degree(upper division).
Below is the degree classification of the University of Ghana
Second class (lower)…..2.00-2.99
Fail (no award)…………0.00-0.99
With the information provided, it should be straightforward to calculate your GPA independently.
Presented above is how to calculate GPA in Ghana.
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